A note on extraction from object position in Javanese and other Javanic languages

Peter Cole, Elizabeth Jonczyk, Jason Lilley


It is widely believed that in the Austronesian languages of Indonesia, only subjects can be relativized. According to this view, cases of apparent object relativization are actually instances of subject relativization, in which the D-structure object has first been moved to subject position via an affixless variant of passivization. We shall argue, however, that this proposal is false with respect to Javanese. We argue that Javanese, unlike, for example, standard Indonesian, lacks affixless passivization. Hence, apparent object relativization does, in fact, instantiate direct relativization from object position.


Javanese; Passive; Object Relativization; Bare Passive Hypothesis

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